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The internet is a cruel and horrible place. You might want to drop out of the matrix and join an anonymous network. A broad approach on how to start evading global data surveillance and improving your overall online privacy can be found here.
- 1 Anonymous Networks
- 2 Browsers
- 3 Fingerprinting
- 4 DNS
- 5 Operating Systems
- 6 Android
- 7 Related Links
Main article: Tor
Lets get something clear: Tor is NOT illegal to use (unless you live in one of those crazy whackjob countries run by a militant dictator). Tor traffic was NOT significantly reduced by the removal of Silk Road, and as far as is known, new compromises for the underlying Tor framework did not come about from the removal of Silk Road. If you are interested, concerned or sceptical, check out this video here and read the FAQ.
Tor sets up a SOCKS proxy to the normal internet, allowing you to send any application’s connection anonymously through the Tor network. Any connections made through Tor will be anonymised but not confidential unless you use end to end encryption in the application, like SSL/TLS for web browsing, or an SSH tunnel. Torrenting is discouraged as it uses up too much bandwidth.
I2P is end to end encrypted and separate from the normal internet; this means that connections through I2P are confidential and anonymous. No-one can know who you are talking to, or what you are saying to them, because there are no exit nodes. Tor hidden services (.onions) work in a similar way. All internet applications can be forwarded through I2P including ed2k, Gnutella, and torrents. Torrenting is encouraged on the I2P network, although you cannot connect to non-I2P torrent swarms.
Freenet is a distributed filesystem, where you can store files ‘in the cloud’ and download them anonymously from the Freenet network. Many of the files are HTML pages which can be viewed as static websites using a browser, and many are standalone files which can be searched and downloaded anonymously. Freenet content is undeletable as there is no way of knowing which node is holding each file.
Please note that its also chock-full of CP.
- Always use an open-source browser. This ensures it can be freely audited. Remember: Google Chrome is not open-source, Chromium is.
- Use a search engine that respects your privacy such as DuckDuckGo or StartPage instead of Google or Bing.
To ensure maximum security while browsing the internet, always turn off third party cookies. Mozilla describes them as: For example, cnn.com might have a Facebook like button on their site. That like button will set a cookie that can be read by Facebook. That would be considered a third-party cookie.
Change your search engine. There are ways to get around Google’s insane profiling. See Search engines.
There are many extensions available for Firefox to make you less trackable. Read the Firefox article for a comprehensive list of addons.
Fingerprinting is the process of using otherwise non-identifying information to identify you. When enough non-identifying information is collected, you will usually be unique amongst others.
||Recommended: Disable and uninstall browser Plugins (note: Plugins are different than Extensions) such as Flash and Java.
Alternative: Set the plugin to "Ask to activate". You will still be vulnerable whenever you activate that plugin.
||Recommended: Use an extension such as Secret Agent to randomize header information.|
||Disable 3rd Party Cookies and use an extension such as Self-Destructing Cookies to automatically purge cookies.|
||Recommended: Use an anonymous network, a non-logging VPN service, or a non-logging proxy service.|
||Recommended: Use an extension such as Request Policy to selectively whitelist such requests.|
||Recommended: Turn off sending HTTP referer information.
Alternative: Install an extension such as Smart Referer to keep referer information limited to a single domain.
DNS is what allows your computer to convert a domain name (such as wiki.installgentoo.com) into an IP address to connect to. That process is called resolving. When your computer attempts to resolve a domain name it queries a DNS server. Usually this will belong to your ISP if you have not configured it manually. Not all DNS servers are created equal. Some block queries to certain websites, some hijack queries and redirect them elsewhere, and some log your queries. You should look for a DNS server that is close by (to reduce latency in your requests) that doesn't log your IP address. In addition, you may want to use DNSCrypt for added protection.
Warning: Google DNS and OpenDNS log queries. Google "anonymizes" query information after a period of time, but keeps associated ISP information permanently. OpenDNS logs your IP address and may also correlate it with other information that is normally non-personally identifying. Avoid those two services.
End-to-end encryption for your DNS requests. This prevents any intermediaries from monitoring your DNS requests. It defaults to OpenDNS. You should change that using one of the additional DNS servers listed on dnscrypt.org.
See DNSCrypt for more information.
While unfortunately, government organizations around the world have a variety of backdoors into a variety of operating systems, one can still attempt to be anonymous through a variety of methods. Free software alternatives to Windows or Mac OS appear to be more secure than their counterparts, since their code is almost always individually reviewed.
Tails is an OS specifically created to aim at preserving your privacy and anonymity. It forward all your packets through TOR network and leave no trace on the computer you are using it on. Your files and emails are also encrypted using top of the line cryptographic tools.
By their nature cellphones cannot be completely anonymous, but there are some steps that can be taken to at least limit your footprint.
- Replicant: A project to completely replace all proprietary components of Android.
- Custom ROMs
- Firefox OS: An alternative operating system by Mozilla that runs on some Android devices.
Alternative Google Apps
- F-Droid: Part of the Replicant project. An app store that only contains Free Open Source Software.
- NOGAPPS Project: Replaces the Play Store, Google Maps API, Network Location API, and others in the future.
- APK Downloader
- OsmAnd~: Replacement for Google Maps.
- GApps Browser
- AdAway: Hosts file based ad-blocking. (Requires root)
- Adblock Plus
- Lucky Patcher: Patches APKs to remove ads and allows you to disable the ad's activity itself. (Requires root)
- App Ops: Available since Android 4.3. Removed in 4.4.2, but still retained in custom ROMs. Allows you to tweak individual permissions on a per-app basis.