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Package manager

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Revision as of 18:43, 19 November 2015 by Morpheus (talk | contribs) (pacman)
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This is the software repositories that you will meet with some *nix os. They are used to download your software in opposition to compiling them from source. In other words they automatate every thing for the dumb shit you are and allow you to install, update and remove the application you need cause youre too retarded to write them by yourself with a magnifying glass and the sun directly on your hard drive. The most common package managers are yum (now DNF) (RHEL - rpm) and apt (Debian - deb).



You run it like this:

To install: sudo apt-get install <package>

To update the package list: sudo apt-get update

To upgrade existing packages: sudo apt-get upgrade

To remove a package: sudo apt-get remove <package>

To clean the apt-cache: sudo apt-get clean

To search for a package with <package> in its name or "Provides" list: apt-cache search --names-only <package>

To search for a package with <query> in its description: apt-cache search <query>

To get build dependencies for <package>: sudo apt-get build-dep <package>

To remove unneeded dependencies: sudo apt-get autoremove


See page: DNF


Zypper is a cli frontend for openSUSEs package manager, libzypp. The .rpm package format is used, but the package manager itself is independent from RHEL.

In contrast to most other package managers, zypper does not require the user to update the repository listings manually. the 'update' funcion actually updates the system ( in other words, it does what other package managers refer to as 'upgrading')


zypper in <name of package>

zypper rm <name of package>

installs or removes a package

zypper ar <repo>

zypper rr <repo>

adds or removes a repository

zypper up updates

zypper se <name of package> searches

original forms can be used instead of short forms:

  • se = search
  • up = update
  • in = install
  • etc.



emerge --sync


emerge --search <variable>

search description:

emerge --searchdesc <variable>


emerge <variable>


emerge --unmerge <variable>

pretend install:

emerge --pretend <variable>

fetch source only:

emerge --fetchonly <variable>

check USE flags:

emerge -vp <variable>

full system update:

emerge --update --deep --with-bdeps=y --newuse @world


Slackpkg is Slackware's package manager.

Install a package

slackpkg install PACKAGE

Remove a package

slackpkg remove PACKAGE

Search for a package

slackpkg search PACKAGE

Upgrade a package

slackpkg upgrade PACKAGE

Update the repository listings

slackpkg update

Get information on a package

slackpkg info PACKAGE

Update all packages

slackpkg upgrade-all

Unofficial packages

The slackpkg repositories are limited to Slackware core packages. Unofficial packages can be downloaded and added with

upgradepkg --install-new FILENAME

Slackware also supports building packages from source code or .rpm files with Slackbuild scripts. This gives the security and flexibility of building from source with the ease of package-based management.

Download and extract the Slackbuild tarball

Download the source tarball/.rpm file and place it in the Slackbuild directory

cd into the slackbuild directory

OPTIONAL: Edit the configuration file if one exists and you so desire

Run the PROGRAM_NAME.Slackbuild script

sudo bash PROGRAM_NAME.Slackbuild

After the script finishes, the last line should read "Package /tmp/PACKAGE_NAME.tgz successfuly created" (Or lots of errors, especially if you forgot the sudo)

Install the package

sudo upgradepkg --install-new /tmp/PACKAGE_NAME.tgz

Enjoy your overflowing abundance of freedom and simplicity


See the pacman page, or you can seeyaourt page for the pacman wrapper.


To sync repos

xbps-install -S

To install packages

xbps-install <name of package>

You can also sync and install at the same time.

xbps-install -S <name of package>

To upgrade packages

xbps-install -u <name of package OPTIONAL>

It is optional because you can upgrade all your packages inside your system, or if you want you can upgrade just one single package.

To remove a package

xbps-remove <name of package>

To recursively remove unneeded dependencies that were installed by the target package

xbps-remove -R <name of package>


There are two main ways to install software on *BSDs: through binaries (pkg) or compiled sources (ports)



Speaks for itself (replace packagename with your actual package name obviously):

pkg install packagename

pkg delete packagename

pkg info packagename

pkg search packagename

pkg upgrade

pkg autoremove


pkg_add packagename

pkg_delete packagename

pkg_info packagename

pkg_add -u packagename to upgrade packagename -- if you don't supply a packagename it will upgrade everything


To use the ports system, simply go to your desired port' directory (usually found in /usr/ports/) and compile it. For instance, if you want to install qTox:

cd /usr/ports/net-im/qTox

make install clean


On top of the App Store and the Hack Store, OS X comes with third-party package managers.


See the main page.


See the main page.


brew install formula

brew uninstall formula

brew tap repo

brew update

brew upgrade

brew help