We are still actively working on the spam issue.
Personal needs and viewing preferences vary wildly, so one should ideally test several major Web browsers before making a decision. No one choice is going to be perfect for everyone.
Major Web Browsers
This browser is one of the two usually recommended on /g/ for general use.
Firefox is a free and open-source Web browser descended from the Netscape Communicator. It is known for its championing of the open Web during Internet Explorer's reign of terror and its extensive customisability via add-ons and settings. Although many other browsers have adopted the practise of allowing third-party extensions in the browser, Firefox's add-ons still tend to be a cut above the rest.
Google Chrome is a proprietary fork of the free and open source Chromium project. It integrates Google's 'Pepper' Flash plug-in, a Foxit-based PDF reader, and controversial user-tracking capabilities in addition to the usual Chromium feature set. If you value your privacy or reputation on /g/ it is best to avoid this one.
Opera is one of the oldest Web browsers that is still under active development. For most of its existence, Opera has been characterised by its customisability, innovation, broad out-of-the-box feature set, and respect for Web standards. Several now ubiquitous features like tabbed browsing and speed dial made their débuts in Opera. Until recently, it was based upon Opera Software ASA's own Presto layout engine and offered to its users as an Internet suite, complete with Email, IRC, and FTP support. The last stable release of the traditional Opera browser was version 12.16.
With the release of version 15, Opera development departed radically from that of previous versions. Opera's email client was re-released as standalone software, support for GNU/Linux was suspended, native 64-bit builds were suspended, and many other features were simply removed. Even the Presto layout engine itself was discontinued permanently in favour of Google's new Blink layout engine, a Webkit fork. The result of these changes is a browser that resembles Chromium in most respects with a few popular features from old Opera like speed dial. It is fully compatible with Chrome extensions.
Internet Explorer or IE is the default Web browser in Microsoft's Windows series of operating systems. It is based on Microsoft's Trident layout engine. Before version 9, Internet Explorer was infamous for its myriad security vulnerabilities, poor performance, disregard for Web standards, and perversion of the few Web standards that it bothered to acknowledge. Since version 9, Microsoft has been actively developing Internet Explorer into something resembling an actual Web browser in an attempt to check Google's rise in the browser market.
Safari is the default Web browser in Apple's Mac OS X. It is based on Apple's Webkit layout engine, a KHTML fork. Compared to Chromium and Firefox, Safari has a slow development cycle and is lacking in features.
Other Browsers by Layout Engine
- K-Meleon is a free and open-source Web browser for Windows. The original goal of the project was to produce a Firefox-like browser with a truly Windows-native UI. It is old and unmaintained, but it could potentially be useful to users of older Windows operating systems.
- Seamonkey is a continuation of the Mozilla suite. Unlike most modern Web browsers, it is an Internet suite, complete with bundled programs for Email, IRC, and Web design. It is compatible with most Firefox add-ons.
- Midori is a lightweight Web browser with a GTK+ interface. It is a component of the XFCE Goodies package.
- rekonq is a lightweight Web browser with a Qt interface. It is a core component of the K desktop environment.
- Otter Browser is a project that aims to recreate and improve upon the features of classic Opera using the Qt5 tool-kit. It is in the early stages of development at the time of this writing, and is thus unsuited for general use.
- Luakit is a minimalistic GTK+ Web browser targeted at users who desire fine-grained control over their browser's behaviour and interface.
- Dwb is a keyboard-driven GTK+ Web browser inspired by Firefox's Vimperator add-on.
- Konqueror is a Web browser and file manager that was once a core component of the K desktop environment. Webkit and Blink are both descendants of its KHTML layout engine.
- Links is a text-based browser that can display images.
- w3m is another text-based browser that can display images.
- ELinks is a text-based based web browser that runs from the terminal.
- Lynx is the oldest Web browser still under active development.
- Adobe Flash Player is required to play the flash video incorporated into many modern Web pages. It is infamous for being bloated, slow, and exploitable. While it is being phased out in favour of HTML 5 video, Flash is unfortunately still required in many cases. Flash should not be used on GNU/Linux systems, due to the fact that it is no longer being updated for that platform.
- Shumway is an HTML5 technology experiment that explores building a faithful and efficient renderer for the SWF file format without native code assistance.
- The Silverlight Plug-In is required to play Silverlight content. Silverlight was essentially Microsoft's answer to Flash, but it failed to gain any significant market share. Like Flash, it is being phased out in favour of HTML 5. Unlike Flash, it is not common enough to justify its use.
- The Java and Java Deployment Toolkit Plug-Ins are installed with the Java Runtime Environment. While the Runtime Environment itself is often necessary for the use of desktop Java software, these plug-ins are extremely vulnerable and rarely used. They should be disabled in all cases.
Recommended User Scripts
- Anti-Adblock Killer prevents various anti-adblock methods from being effective. For best results, it must be used in conjunction with its set of Adblock Plus filters.
- 4chan X:
- Appchan X is Zixaphir's fork of 4chan X. It combines the features of 4chan X with the rice of the Appchan and OneeChan style scripts.
- loadletter's 4chan X is a maintained version of MayhemYDG's v2. It lacks the controversial changes made by MayhemYDG in v3. It is a shorter, more portable script, and the only maintained fork that supports Opera 12.
- ccd0's 4chan X is the continuation of Spittie's/Seaweed's 4chan X.
Aeosynth's 4Chan-Xwas the original version of 4chan X. MayhemYDG's 4Chan-Xwas the official  continuation of Aeosynth's popular 4chan X script. It may still work for you until moot changes the site. The Chrome version is in the store here. Mayhem no longer distributes the Firefox version of his script, so here is a script compiled from the latest source code on Github. ihavenoface's 4chan Xadded features to MayhemYDG's 4Chan X. Not officially abandoned yet, but not updated since September 6. Note that the last released version (v3.13.15) contains security flaws that allow scripts from 4chan or the archives to read data from any website; however, it does not appear to be able to read data protected by a session cookie. The problem has been fixed, but a fixed version has yet to be released. Anyone concerned about the issue is advised to compile the script from themselves from the source code on Github. Seaweedchan's 4chan Xwas a popular fork of 4chan X. Developed in collaboration with Zixaphir, it offered several controversial features over Mayhem's fork. Additionally, several potentially obnoxious features were made optional, such as the fixed header and the clearing and redownloading (via JSON) of the thread index. Spittie's 4chan Xwas a fork of Seaweed's 4chan X after it was abandoned.
- OneeChan is a script for customizing the look of 4chan. Unlike Appchan X, it packaged no 4chan X features. Originally by Seaweedchan, its maintenance was continued by Spittie and now Nebukazar.
- 4Chan Linkify changes plain-text links on 4chan into hyper-links. It is redundant if either 4chan X or the official extension are used.
- YouTube Center seamlessly integrates many features like video downloading directly into YouTube.