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This is the software repositories that you will meet with some *nix os. They are used to download your software in opposition to compiling them from source. In other words they automatate every thing for the dumb shit you are and allow you to install, update and remove the application you need cause youre to retarded to write them by yourself with a magnifying glass and the sun directly on your hard drive. The most common package managers are yum (RHEL - rpm) and apt (Debian - deb).
You run it like this:
To install: sudo apt-get install <package>
To update the package list: sudo apt-get update
To upgrade exsiting package: sudo apt-get upgrade
To remove: sudo apt-get remove <package>
To clean: sudo apt-get clean <package>
To search for a package with <package> in its name or "Provides" list: apt-cache search --names-only <package>
To search for a package with <query> in its description: apt-cache search <query>
To get build dependencies for <package>: sudo apt-get build-dep <package>
To remove unneeded dependencies: sudo apt-get autoremove
See the yum page.
Zypper is a cli frontend for openSUSEs package manager, libzypp. The .rpm package format is used, but the package manager itself is independent from RHEL.
In contrast to most other package managers, zypper does not require the user to update the repository listings manually. the 'update' funcion actually updates the system ( in other words, it does what other package managers refer to as 'upgrading')
zypper in <name of package>
zypper rm <name of package>
installs or removes a package
zypper ar <repo>
zypper rr <repo>
adds or removes a repository
zypper se <name of package> searches
original forms can be used instead of short forms:
- se = search
- up = update
- in = install
emerge --search <variable>
emerge --searchdesc <variable>
emerge --unmerge <variable>
emerge --pretend <variable>
fetch source only:
emerge --fetchonly <variable>
check USE flags:
emerge -vp <variable>
full system update:
emerge --update --deep --with-bdeps=y --newuse @world
Slackpkg is Slackware's package manager.
Install a package
slackpkg install PACKAGE
Remove a package
slackpkg remove PACKAGE
Search for a package
slackpkg search PACKAGE
Upgrade a package
slackpkg upgrade PACKAGE
Update the repository listings
Get information on a package
slackpkg info PACKAGE
Update all packages
The slackpkg repositories are limited to Slackware core packages. Unofficial packages can be downloaded and added with
upgradepkg --install-new FILENAME
Slackware also supports building packages from source code or .rpm files with Slackbuild scripts. This gives the security and flexibility of building from source with the ease of package-based management.
Download and extract the Slackbuild tarball
Download the source tarball/.rpm file and place it in the Slackbuild directory
cd into the slackbuild directory
OPTIONAL: Edit the configuration file if one exists and you so desire
Run the PROGRAM_NAME.Slackbuild script
sudo bash PROGRAM_NAME.Slackbuild
After the script finishes, the last line should read "Package /tmp/PACKAGE_NAME.tgz successfuly created" (Or lots of errors, especially if you forgot the sudo)
Install the package
sudo upgradepkg --install-new /tmp/PACKAGE_NAME.tgz
Enjoy your overflowing abundance of freedom and simplicity
See the pacman page.
There are two main ways to install software on *BSDs: through binaries (pkg) or compiled sources (ports)
Speaks for itself (replace packagename with your actual package name obviously):
pkg install packagename
pkg delete packagename
pkg info packagename
pkg search packagename
pkg_add -u packagename to upgrade packagename -- if you don't supply a packagename it will upgrade everything
To use the ports system, simply go to your desired port' directory (usually found in /usr/ports/) and compile it. For instance, if you want to install qTox:
make install clean
On top of the App Store and the Hack Store, OS X comes with third-party package managers.
See the main page.
See the main page.
brew install formula
brew uninstall formula
brew tap repo