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CVI (chronic venous insufficiency): What Are The Causes And Symptoms?

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Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a type of venous disorder that originates when the venous wall or valves of the leg veins fail to function properly. Since veins’ work is to transport blood back to the heart, when this function is being obstructed due to certain reasons, it becomes difficult for blood to return from the leg to the heart. Due to this blood start pooling in these veins making them enlarged and stretched which is known as Varicose veins. You should consult a varicose vein doctor in New Jersey to treat this condition. People may suffer from thread structured veins eventually known as spider veins, in such a case called spider vein doctor in New Jersey.


What causes chronic venous insufficiency?


As mentioned above, veins transport blood to the heart. To perform this function, the blood should flow upward from the veins in the legs. Calf muscles and the muscles in the feet contract with each move to compress the veins and draw the blood in the upward direction.


Moreover, it develops when the vein walls are damaged and let the blood leak backward. The reasons for this condition may include aging, continued sitting or standing, or a combination of aging and reduced mobility, etc. Eventually, vein walls become weak and unable to transport the blood back to the heart. Due to extra blood pressure, it remains elevated for a long time, leading to CVI.


What are the symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency?


The severeness of CVI increases with the progression of the disease. As a result, it becomes essential to visit a vein specialist in New Jersey to diagnose the problem based on prompt symptoms. It will be wise if the problem is diagnosed by a vein doctor Clifton earlier and treated as it may lead to further complications.


Symptoms of CVI may include:


● Bulging in the lower legs and ankles, particularly after long periods of standing

● Pain and strain in the legs

● Advance varicose veins

● Leathery appearance skin on the legs

● Chipping or itching skin on the legs or feet

● Stasis ulcers (or venous stasis ulcers)


How is CVI diagnosed?


During the diagnosis of CVI, your vein doctor NJ will evaluate your medical history and perform a physical exam. He/She will perform a test known as vascular or duplex ultrasound to detect the blood circulation in your legs. While performing this test, the best vein specialist in New Jersey uses a hand-held device called a transducer. He/She places the device on the skin over the veins to detect the issues. The transducer produces sound waves that bounce off the veins. These sound waves are recorded. Furthermore, an image of the veins is produced and visualized on a monitor.


How is chronic venous insufficiency treated or managed?

CVI can be treated effectively in its earliest stages. It can be treated through vascular medicine or vascular surgery. Rarely, the best vein specialist in New Jersey may recommend a combination of treatments to treat CVI.


When you are diagnosed with CVI, you will be recommended to follow these instruction given below at its earlier stage:


● Don’t stand or sit for a long period: On the off chance that you should go on a long outing and will be sitting for quite a while, flex and broaden your legs, feet, and lower legs around multiple times like clockwork to keep the blood streaming in the leg veins. In the event that

● you need to represent significant stretches of time, bring regular separates to sit, and hoist your feet.

● Exercise daily. Walking is especially advantageous.

● Lose weight: If you have extra weight.

● Raise your legs while sitting and lying down, with your legs raised up the level of your heart.

● Put On compression stockings.

● Take antibiotics as required to heal skin infections.

● Follow good skin hygiene.

● The purposes of treatment are to lessen the pooling of blood and stop leg ulcers.