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SSH: Making unsafe networks safer since 1995.

SSH (Secure Shell) is a network protocol that allows secure communications between two devices. What that means for the average /g/entleman is that you can run SSH on a server and then securely log in to your server anywhere when properly configured. In simpler terms, you can run your server via command-line anywhere. You can also browse the internet with your server's connection, effectively bypassing the filters many underageb& have on their school networks. SSH is free software with utilities on all major operating systems.

Connecting to an SSH Server


The Easy Way

  • Download PuTTY or Firessh
  • Type the IP address of the server and choose "SSH" as the connection type. Type the external IP address, not the internal IP address (To find the external IP address, click here)
  • Agree to add the host key and login with a username + password from the server (I.E., a Windows account, OSX account, etc.). That's it, you're SSHing!

The Hard Way

  • Open Cygwin
  • Type "ssh <ipaddress or domain name> -l <username>" without the quotes
  • Type your password in. That's it, you're SSHing!

NOTE: This is also how you SSH into a server in OSX and Linux. Replace Cygwin with Terminal and the commands work the same.

GNU/Linux and UNIX

What Can I Do?

  • Browse the server via command-line (I hope you know UNIX shell commands)
  • Transfer files between the client and the server (You can use SSH, but there are better tools for the job)
  • Browse using the server's internet (Read this) (If you connect via PuTTY, an easier way is Connections>SSH>Tunnels. Check "Dynamic" and pick a port. Now follow the guide.)
  • Other stuff that I don't know.

Generating an SSH key pair for easy and secure login

Instead of using a password to login to remote systems, you can also use a key pair.

It works by generating a public and a private key, optionally protected by a strong passphrase. You then place the public key on the remote system, the private key is stored somewhere safe, where unauthorized people can't access it.

See the following link on how to generate an SSH key pair:

How to use ssh-keygen to generate a new SSH key | SSH.COM

Advanced Usage

SSH Tunnel

SSH-Tunnel Syntax:

ssh -L [bind_address:]port:host:port user@server
ssh -R [bind_address:]port:host:port user@server 

the option -L creates a local, and the Option -R a remote Port Forwarding. The encrypted tunnel is created always between Client and Server. The connection from "tunnel end" to host happens unencrypted, this is why you set it in most cases to localhost. Therefore localhost should not be confused with the local Computer. You have to see this localhost from server perspective, so the Server itself.

Die Option -L bzw. -R sets the direction. if you choose -L the direction is from your own Computer to the remote one, if you choose -R in the opposite direction. (you can think of it as normaL backwaRds.)

The first Port Argument is the entryport in the connection. You have to keep in mind, that the opening of a "privileged" port, so under 1024, only is allowed by root, so you should choose a higher one.

With the optional parameter bind_address you can seon which specific network address the connection should use, whereas localhost is default. A * or an empty bind_address-argument before the colon means, that the forwarding is on all Interfaces / Network Adresses. Probably whis will only work with IPv4 Adresses because the IPv6-Adresses aren't capable of beeing forwarded, Therefore you should use the Argument -4 .

The second port-parameter tells which Port tells, which port from host the tunneling should go on

Another useful argument is the option -N, which refuses a terminal-session, if you only want to use the Portforwarding to the remote systeme.


Forwarding fro Port 8000 on the local system to the Webserver (port 80) on Server:

ssh -L 8000:localhost:80 server -N &
netstat -anp --inet | egrep '(^Proto|8000)' 

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0*               LISTEN     10843/ssh


ssh -L 8000:localhost:80 server -N
Killed by signal 2.

Same, but it isn't just a connection from local Host forwarded, but from all Interfaces (hint: you need to set the option - GatewayPorts ; use this option with caution!):

ssh -L *:8000:localhost:80 server -N -4 &
netstat -anp --inet | egrep '(^Proto|8000)' 

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0  *               LISTEN     10906/ssh

Reverse direction. You allow Users on the Server, via localhost:3306 to connect to the clients MySQL-Server:

ssh -R 3306:localhost:3306 server 

Last login: Sat Mar 11 23:24:20 2006 from
netstat -an --inet | egrep '(^Proto|3306)'
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0*               LISTEN
Connection to server closed.

Here you can see an example of a double SSH Reverse tunnel:

needsupportpc$ ssh -R 22:localhost:2222 user@vps
helpdeskpc$ ssh user@vps -t ssh needsupportpcuser@localhost:2222


Any /g/entleman who can leave a computer running 24/7 has no reason not to run an SSH server. Honestly, even some junk box will work just fine, no need to leave a gaming rig on to SSH.