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Setting up a Server
Need a fileserver that won't face the external internet? Check Home server.
Need to email? Set up a web server? Well, here's some advice. We're gonna try to write this page like you've never done this shit before. It does, however, assume you have at least some basic GNU/Linux knowledge. If you don't, you probably aren't ready for this. You weren't going to set up a server using Windows, were you? Jesus Christ, how horrifying.
A lot of this applies to both a physical machine as well as a VPS setup.
- 1 Common uses for a server
- 2 Getting Started
- 3 Setting up your services
- 4 Recommended software
- 4.1 Less common
- 4.2 Centralized storage
- 4.3 Web server
- 4.4 Remote access via SSH
- 4.5 Media automation
- 5 Security
- 6 External links
Common uses for a server
- Install FTP software and run an FTP site.
- Install a cloud service like Seafile to run your own Dropbox service, no privacy issues, full control, unlimited space (well, limited by how many drives you can cram in).
- Always on seedbox. Start torrents with your phone through the web interface while out, they're done by the time you're back home.
- Host a personal website.
- Run your own mailserver just like Hillary!
- Warning: Running a mailserver is a shitton of work. You will get hacked all the fucking time and it's very high-maintenance.
- Run a dedicated game server.
- Run various webapps, develop your own webapps.
- SSH-tunnel to the server from work/school/etc to use it as a proxy, so that the admin of the network you're on can't see what sites you're going on.
- Run a VPN for location spoofing or security when you're out and about.
Setting up your services
Most packages have clear tutorials on their repo/project site. Here are some handpicked guides as well as some written by other anons.
- Cloud Storage
- Web Server
- Everything in Docker
- HAProxy (for multiple machines behind one ip).
- Media Automation (Sickbeard, Flexget etc.)
- Media Streaming with icecast/ffmpeg/cvlc
- Mail: see Setting up a Server/Mail
- DNS: see Setting up a Server/DNS#Authoritative
- FTP: vsftpd, glftpd (nonfree)
- IRCd: inspircd, ngircd, kike
- IRC Bouncer: znc
- XDCC: iroffer-dinoex
- XMPP: Prosody
- Proxy: danted
- Usenet Server: Leafnode, InterNetNews
- Web Cache/Reverse Proxy: varnish, squid, nginx
- Web: nginx, darkhttpd (use stunnel for ssl)
- Config Management: cdist, ansible, salt
- Control Panel: Webmin, Cockpit
- Direct Connect Server (DCC): uhub, luadch
- BBS Server: Mystic BBS (BBSs are dead)
- MUD: PennMUSH
A server is perfect for this job. It is (supposedly) an always available resource on the local network. If using this in your house, you can expect reasonable speeds, even over WiFi that will let you do many daily tasks. One option is to set it up with NFS (Linux-centric, can be used on windows but it's shit) or samba, so you can watch your chinese cartoons on any device and keep your documents/whatever synchronized. This synchronization is a key benefit of the network storage.
You may want to consider a RAID array for long-term file storage. RAID is not backup, but will protect your files in case of drive failure. NAS4Free allows you to easily set up RAID arrays using UFS or ZFS.
A web server serves up a page. The nice things about serving it from a server, than, say, Wordpress or your Dropbox share, is that now you can run web apps and server side code for a dynamic page.
Keep in mind that many server software installs (such as email with) involve setting up a webserver, so you may not even need to do anything.
The extra CPU burden of TLS is minuscule. Your server should serve up everything on HTTPS only. Keep port 80 (plain HTTP) open but redirect everything to HTTPS. If port 80 is closed, typing the address of your server into the address bar of a browser will probably fail (because the browser assumes you meant HTTP, but you have to go to HTTPS).
Issue a self-signed certificate. CAs are for jerks. Set the duration short (eg. a year) and don't forget to make a new one. If you've got a domain, get a Lets Encrypt-signed cert and set up a cron job to renew it. They're pretty sweet.
Certbot makes https easy to implement with Let's Encrypt certificates
Remote access via SSH
GNU or BSD based systems
1. You usually enable the ssh server during the installation. Do this if possible, it is the simplest way.
2. If you did not setup sshd to auto start you can type:
/etc/rc.d sshd start, if you use System V init.
systemctl enable sshd.service && systemctl start sshd, if you use systemd.
3. If that does not work, you need to install
openssh-server with your package manager.
On OS X
Simply go into sharing permissions and enable fucking everything.
- Forward port 22 to the server (Here's a guide if you don't know how)
- OPTIONAL: Assign the server an address, so you can type server.com instead of XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX (Read this)
Create a tunnel and use it as a proxy for environments that block certain DNS requests or pages and to encrypt your data
Wake on LAN
Turn on a PC on your LAN Arch Wiki guide
Host webpages, use nginx or apache debian nginx guide
You can use a proxy guide
Ziproxy (Opera style web compression, including images)
Use a daemon like Transmission or Deluge.
You can use a daemon like Sickbeard
You can use a daemon like Couchpotato
You can use a daemon like Headphones
Linode Library - Good beginner tutorials.