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Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments.

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A varicose vein is a condition that occurs when the veins aren't functioning properly. Many people use varicose veins and spider veins interchangeably, but the two aren't the same. Spider veins are usually smaller, flat, and red or purple. Varicose veins on the other hand are large and tend to bulge out. If you are experiencing a severe stage of varicose veins, visit the vein center now.


Causes of Varicose Veins:


There are many factors that can trigger the condition. These factors include:


Pregnancy:


When you are pregnant you tend to add weight which puts a lot of pressure on your legs.


Standing for long hours:


Standing for a long time puts a lot of pressure on your legs thus provoking the condition.


Obesity:


This goes without saying-it adds weight to your body thus increasing pressure on your legs.


Congenital issue:


You can be born with a congenital issue where your heart valves have problems.


Symptoms:


There are many symptoms of the condition. These symptoms include visible misshapen veins, swelling, leg aches, and heaviness. In some cases, you might have ulcers, discoloration, and swelling.


How to Diagnose the Condition?


For the condition to be diagnosed you need to visit a vein specialist near me. The doctor will test your legs and veins when you are either standing or sitting. The doctor will also do an ultrasound to check your blood flow. Ultrasound is a non-invasive test that makes use of high-frequency sound waves. Through the test, the doctor is able to see how your blood is flowing within the veins.


To further assess your veins, the doctor may do an angiogram. Here the doctor will inject a dye into your legs and then take x-rays of the area. When an x-ray is taken the doctor will be able to view how your blood is flowing.


What is the Best Varicose Vein Treatment?


It's very easy to treat the condition if it is mild. One of the major things that you need to do is to make some lifestyle changes. For example, you should avoid standing for long periods of time. You also need to lose weight, exercise in order to improve leg strength and avoid crossing your legs for extended periods of time. If you notice leg ulcers, get varicose vein treatment near me.


It's also wise that you eat right. As a rule of thumb, you should take foods that aid in strengthening the veins


Surgery:


If varicose veins symptoms are severe, professionals will recommend a surgical procedure to eliminate it. This procedure is conducted under general anesthesia.


Ligation and stripping:


A vein specialist makes two incisions, one near the patients’ groin over the affected veins and the other is made further below the leg or at the ankle or knee. The above part of the vein is tied up and shut. They insert a flexible wire through the affected veins and pull them out.


Sclerotherapy:


Specialists inject chemical solutions into the medium-sized varicose veins that collapse and seal them off.


Radiofrequency ablation:


Doctors make a small incision either above or below the knee. Then he/she inserts a tube into the catheter that transmits radiofrequency energy. Furtherly, it heats up the vein making the diseased veins shrunk and sealing them shut.


Transilluminated powered phlebectomy:


Specialists use an endoscopic transilluminator that is threaded through an incision below the skin so that they can see which veins need to be removed. Then they cut and remove the target veins with a suction device through the incision.


In the case of the serious conditions of varicose veins, it is a must that you get them eliminated instantly with the help of a vein specialist.